Tag Archives: 上海夜网BK

18Nov/20

Chikungunya fever gains foothold in Europe

first_img In recent years, epidemics have occurred in India and on various Indian Ocean islands, including Comorros, Mauritius, Reunion, and Seychelles. A major epidemic struck Reunion, a French territory, between March 2005 and June 2006, sickening an estimated 266,000 people, about 35% of the population, according to Eurosurveillance. Several hundred cases occurred in France during the Reunion epidemic, but nearly all were linked to the island epidemic, the report says. Eurosurveillance reporthttp://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=3260 CDC information on chikungunyahttp://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/ The Eurosurveillance report does not say whether the index case-patient reported mosquito bites, but an online news report by the journal Nature says authorities think the virus “spread among the dense population of tiger mosquitoes” after the man’s illness. There is a possibility that the same thing could happen in the United States, since the two mosquito species that can spread the virus are found in the Southeast, according to an official with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). But he said the likelihood of that is “relatively low.” Flahault suggested that the very dense mosquito population in and around Ravenna had spurred the outbreak, according to the story. He said the Italian climate has grown warmer and more humid, favoring the proliferation of mosquitoes. Chikungunya usually causes fever, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, muscle and joint pain, and a rash, according to the CDC. The disease is not life-threatening. Symptoms typically last a few days to 2 weeks, but fatigue or joint pain sometimes lingers for weeks to months, the CDC says. “The current outbreak of chikungunya fever in northeastern Italy . . . marks the first recorded occasion that this virus has been transmitted by mosquitoes within Europe,” the report states. The report says A albopictus is found in several other European countries, including Albania, France, Belgium, Montenegro, Switzerland, Greece, Spain, Croatia, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, and possibly more, suggesting a potential for further spread of the disease. Could disease spread to the US?The United States has recorded some chikungunya cases among returning travelers, but no transmission of the disease, according to Dr. Ned Hayes, a medical epidemiologist with the CDC’s Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases in Fort Collins, Colo. But he said the two mosquitoes that can spread chikungunya—A albopictus and Aedes aegypti—are found in the southeastern United States. “For chikungunya to be transmitted in the US, you need to have a viremic person or mosquito introduction in an area where both susceptible persons and the predominant mosquito vector are present,” Hayes said. “Both those conditions exist in the US, so I think the importation of chikungunya is a concern.” Epidemics described as cyclicalThe World Health Organization (WHO) reports that major chikungunya epidemics “appear and disappear cyclically,” with quiet periods usually lasting 7 to 8 years but sometimes as long as 20 years. Chikungunya clinically resembles dengue fever, which is widespread in the tropics, according to the WHO. The chikungunya virus was first identified in 1953 during an epidemic in Tanzania, according to the CDC. Europe has had scattered cases of chikungunya before, mainly in travelers from parts of Africa and Asia where the disease is established. But the outbreak this summer in Italy’s Ravenna province was spread by mosquitoes, according to a report published Sep 6 by Eurosurveillance Weekly. The name “chikungunya” is Swahili for “that which bends up,” a reference to the stooped posture associated with joint pain. There is no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment for the illness, which is caused by a virus of the genus Alphavirus. But the risk of indigenous transmission is “probably relatively low in the continental United States,” mainly because of socioeconomic and lifestyle differences that tend to limit the spread of mosquito-borne viruses like chikungunya, dengue, and yellow fever, Hayes said. For example, air conditioning and window screens help protect people from heavy exposure to mosquitoes, he explained. Hayes said the key message is that people should be aware of mosquito-borne illness risks, especially when traveling, and take steps to protect themselves from bites. Travelers who have a fever on returning to the United States should seek medical attention and inform health authorities of any infection.center_img Eurosurveillance says the disease was mild and self-limiting in most patients, but joint pain was intense and often persisted after the fever abated. One patient, an 83-year-old man with severe underlying health problems, died. Antoine Flahault, who coordinates French research on chikungunya, called the Italian outbreak a “world first” outside the tropics, according to a Sep 7 BBC News report. Writing in the journal Quotidien du Medecin, he said the virus’s movement into Europe was “worrying without being alarming.” Italy reports 166 casesIn the Italian outbreak, officials recorded 166 cases, most of them in two neighboring villages, according to Eurosurveillance. The outbreak is believed to have started after a man from India fell ill while visiting one of the villages in late June. The epidemic peaked in the third week of August. “It’s possible, if the virus should become endemic in, say, the southeastern US, that it could provide a locus for spread to other parts of the country, but I wouldn’t think it would spread like West Nile virus,” he said. Birds have helped spread West Nile across the continent since the disease emerged in New York City in 1999. Sep 10, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – A recent outbreak of the debilitating tropical disease known as chikungunya fever in northern Italy apparently marks the mosquito-borne infection’s first foothold in Europe, according to European health authorities. Chikungunya does not commonly spread from person to person, Hayes said. However, it can spread from a pregnant woman to her fetus, and it could probably be spread via blood donated by an infected person, he said. But infected people have the virus in their blood for only a short time. “We don’t even know why West Nile disease [another mosquito-borne viral illness] became endemic in North America but not in Europe, even though the virus and the vector are present on both continents,” Evelyn Depoortere, an epidemiologist at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control in Stockholm, told Nature. However, areas where dengue transmission already occurs or is possible may be more vulnerable to chikungunya, Hayes said. Such areas include parts of Florida and Texas, plus Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. But scientists quoted in the Nature story said they don’t know enough to predict whether the disease will spread to other European countries that have A albopictus. WHO Southeast Asia information sheet on chikungunyahttp://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs327/en/ See also: If chikungunya did gain a toehold in the United States, it would be unlikely to spread across the continent, in Hayes’s opinion. Although the Italian outbreak was associated with A albopictus, the primary vector for chikungunya is A aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, the CDC says. It was not until the end of August that investigators zeroed in on the diagnosis of chikungunya, using serologic testing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), the Eurosurveillance report says. In addition, the virus was detected in local Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, also known as tiger mosquitoes, by PCR. CDC information on A albopictushttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/arbor/albopic_new.htmlast_img read more

26Aug/20

Justin Verlander dominates Dodgers as Astros win opener of World Series rematch

first_imgPreviousLos Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson hits a solo home run in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson, second from left, hits a solo home run as Houston Astros starting pitcher Justin Verlander, left, watches along with catcher Martin Maldonado, right, and home plate umpire Jim Wolf during the first inning of a baseball game Friday, Aug. 3, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill) SoundThe gallery will resume insecondsHouston Astros’ George Springer (4) looks on as fans reach for Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson’s (not pictured) solo home run in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson, center, celebrates after scoring on a solo home run as Houston Astros catcher Martin Maldonado, right, kneels at the plate and home plate umpire Jim Wolf cleans the plate during the first inning of a baseball game Friday, Aug. 3, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson, center, receives high fives from teammates in the dugout in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson reacts after hitting a solo home run in the in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros starting pitcher Justin Verlander in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers starting pitcher Alex Wood throws to the plate against the Houston Astros in the second inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros’ Jake Marisnick (6) high fives a teammate after scoring on a double by George Springer (not pictured) in the second inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers starting pitcher Alex Wood in the third inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers catcher Yasmani Grandal throws out Houston Astros’ Martin Maldonado in the third inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros’ catcher Collin McHugh throws out Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson (not pictured) in the 6th inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros starting pitcher Justin Verlander throws to the plate against the Los Angeles Dodgers in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers starting pitcher Alex Wood throws to the plate against the Houston Astros in the second inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers trainer speaks with starting pitcher Alex Wood (57) before he is pulled from the game against the Houston Astros in the seventh inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Dave Roberts stands on the mound as pitcher Alex Wood (not pictured) leaves the game in the seventh inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros’ Justin Verlander looks towards first base at Los Angeles Dodgers’ Chris Taylor in the eighth inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson strikes out swinging in the eighth inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros’ Justin Verlander is pulled from the game with two outs in the eighth inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Chris Taylor (3) steals second base under the tag of Houston Astros second baseman Marwin Gonzalez (9) in the eighth inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers shortstop Manny Machado attempts to throw out Houston Astros’ Josh Reddick at second on a single by Yuli Gurriel during the first inning of a baseball game Friday, Aug. 3, 2018, in Los Angeles. Reddick was safe. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Dodgers trainer speaks with starting pitcher Alex Wood (57) before he is pulled from the game against the Houston Astros in the seventh inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros’ Josh Reddick breaks his bat as he pops out during the fifth inning of a baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers on Friday, Aug. 3, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Houston Astros relief pitcher Hector Rondon throws to the plate against the Los Angeles Dodgers in the ninth inning of a Major League Baseball game at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)The Dodgers’ Cody Bellinger reacts as home plate umpire Jim Wolf calls strike three for the final out of the Dodgers’ 2-1 loss to the Houston Astros on Friday night at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers struck out 16 times. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros relief pitcher Hector Rondon celebrates after striking out Los Angeles Dodgers’ Cody Bellinger to end the baseball game Friday, Aug. 3, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Astros won 2-1. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Dodgers grounds crew prepares the field prior to a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Clayton Kershaw looks on during the National Anthem prior to a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)A kid runs on the field prior to a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Houston Astros starting pitcher Justin Verlander warms up in right field prior to a Major League Baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson hits a solo home run in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)NextShow Caption1 of 30Los Angeles Dodgers’ Joc Pederson hits a solo home run in the first inning of a Major League Baseball game against the Houston Astros at Dodger Stadium on Friday, Aug. 03, 2018 in Los Angeles. (Photo by Keith Birmingham, Pasadena Star-News/SCNG)ExpandLOS ANGELES — In an alternate universe, maybe it is true.In that world, Justin Verlander became a Dodger – instead of  Yu Darvish. He helped the Dodgers win a championship – instead of the Houston Astros.Forget that the Dodgers cast their lot with Darvish a month before Verlander changed teams last season. Forget that he almost didn’t change teams at all, going down to the last minute before waiving his no-trade rights. Forget that taking on the $56 million the 35-year-old Verlander will earn this year and next would have blown up the Dodgers’ goal of getting under the luxury-tax threshold and avoiding the punitive penalties awaiting them.There is a faction of Dodger fandom that will always believe things could have – should have – been different. Friday night must have been difficult for them. Verlander, still wearing the Houston Astros uniform with a World Series ring locked away somewhere, held the Dodgers to four hits while striking out 14 in a 2-1 Astros victory as last year’s World Series teams replayed the matchup.Sign up for our Inside the Dodgers newsletter. Be the best Dodger fan you can be by getting daily intel on your favorite team. Subscribe here.The loss dropped the Dodgers back into a first-place tie with the Arizona Diamondbacks in the National League West.“I think he gets stronger as the game goes on, which is crazy,” Dodgers center fielder Cody Bellinger said of Verlander. “He was throwing 96, 97 (mph) in the seventh and eighth innings.“It’s hard to hit. Tip your cap.”Joc Pederson might keep his lid on. He got Verlander in the fifth inning of Game 2 last October and led off the bottom of the first Friday night with a solo home run, turning on a 96-mph fastball and lofting a fly ball just into the seats near the right-field foul pole. Cody Bellinger homer gives Dodgers their first walkoff win of season How Dodgers pitcher Ross Stripling topped the baseball podcast empire Dodgers hit seven home runs, sweep Colorado Rockies Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorcenter_img Wood allowed just one more hit before leaving after six innings with cramping in his left hamstring – a problem that has plagued him most of the season.“I’ve been working on some things with getting my hand up (in his delivery),” Wood said. “I think it’s really helped with the quality of my stuff. I think my command has hurt a little bit from that. But the direction I’ve been heading in and the quality of my stuff I feel really good about.”Springer’s double held up as the difference as Verlander dominated the Dodgers hitters into the eighth inning.Taylor finally reached second base after Verlander left the game, stealing second. But he was stranded there and Hector Rondon retired the final four Dodgers in order (two more by strikeout).“At the end of the day, this is just another part of the 162,” Wood said of the World Series rematch this weekend. “We’re just trying to win another ballgame. Justin Verlander was pretty good tonight. We kept it tight the whole game, just missed that big hit.” Dodgers’ Max Muncy trying to work his way out of slow start It was Pederson’s third home run in two games, two of which came in the first inning. He joins Carl Furillo (July 12-13, 1951) as the only Dodgers hitters to lead off consecutive games with home runs.Verlander settled in quickly after that, striking out six of the next eight Dodgers and 11 in the first five innings.Chris Taylor led off the third inning with a single. Cody Bellinger singled with two outs in the fourth. Justin Turner drew a two-out walk in the sixth.None of them advanced past first base. Verlander retired 23 of 27 batters after Pederson’s home run, 14 by strikeout. Verlander got through seven innings on 97 pitches.“Gosh, I didn’t see anything different than he’s done against us the last three times – in Detroit and in the World series twice,” Dodgers manager Dave Roberts said.“It’s one of those things with a guy like him – you’re going to see it again on Sunday and probably tomorrow – where it’s guys with plus stuff. They throw strikes. It’s hard to run a count. You seem like if you’re passive, you’re going to be 0-1. So you’ve got to be aggressive and try to be on the fastball. Tonight, I thought we took some good swings on the fastball, just didn’t barrel it.”Alex Wood took longer to find his groove. Six of the first 11 Astros batters reached base – on three walks, two singles and a double.The double was most costly. With runners at first and second and two outs in the second inning, Wood was one strike away from getting through his troubles without any damage. But Springer lined a 1-and-2 changeup into the left-center field gap. Bellinger hustled over and cut the ball off but slid to his knees in the process and kicked the ball away.“Unfortunately, it popped out of my glove,” Bellinger said. “I was just trying to stop the ball from getting to the wall.”One run scored on Springer’s double, a second on the error charged to Bellinger.Related Articles Fire danger is on Dave Roberts’ mind as Dodgers head to San Francisco last_img read more

20Jan/20

Superstakes sponsors to honour media personalities

first_imgFive veteran media personalities will be honoured by Superstakes title sponsors Burger King at Caymanas Park tomorrow for their contribution to the sport over the years.They are The Gleaner’s racing writer Orville Clarke, Lindy Delapenha, a former director of sports at Jamaica Broadcasting Corporation; radio racing analyst and Gleaner columnist Dr. Paul Wright; racing commentator Brian ‘Spuddy” Rickman and Karl Angell of the Racing Observer.All will be guests of the sponsor and promoters Caymanas Track Limited (CTL) in the Director’s Room during the meet and in addition to receiving awards, each will have a race run in their honour on the well supported 12-race programme, featuring the 38th running of the Burger King Superstakes over 2000 metres.The programme kicks off at 11.000 a.m. with the Orville Clarke Trophy over 1700 metres to be contested by nine starters (four-year-olds and up non winners of two). Top contenders are MINY LEE (Shane Ellis), HOMECOMING ((Anthony Thomas) and VESPERS (Javaniel Patterson).The second race over 1100 metres for the Brian Rickman Trophy for maiden three-year-olds has attracted 11 starters, the eighth race for the Dr Paul Wright Trophy to be contested by 14 starters, while race number 10 for the Lindy Delapenha Trophy will see 13 facing the starter and the closing race for the Karl Angell Trophy to be contested by a maximum field of 16.last_img read more