PALMDALE – Four Palmdale residents are among 11 Californians accused of cheating the United States government out of $1.9 million by filing fraudulent tax returns with fake W-2 forms. The 11 are suspected of participating in a ring that federal investigators say filed more than 450 false tax returns claiming about $3.5 million in refunds. The Internal Revenue Service launched an investigation before issuing all of the checks, a federal attorney said. “The IRS actually issued checks for $1.9 million,” Assistant U.S. Attorney Thomas D. Coker said. Coker said he didn’t know how the money was spent. Butler, who remains in federal custody, faces up to 250 years in prison and a $10 million fine if convicted of all counts, officials said. Most of the other defendants were released on bail or on their promise to appear for hearings. The sailor is in Navy custody. An IRS spokesman declined specifics on what aroused suspicion, but said investigators typically look for tax returns sharing common features, such as the same refund address or the same employer. Frequently, false W-2 forms report a fairly low income, and the applicants apply for the earned-income tax credit in addition to seeking funds supposedly withheld, IRS special agent Patrick Caruth said. Charles F. Bostwick, (661) 267-5742 email@example.comWant local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREOregon Ducks football players get stuck on Disney ride during Rose Bowl eventInvestigators said the scheme was carried out from 2001 to 2003 with counterfeit W-2 forms from fictitious employers reporting fake wages and withholding. The forms were sent in with false income tax returns to claim refunds, officials said. Accused of being the ringleader, Mervin Butler of Palmdale faces 10 counts of conspiring to defraud the government by filing false income tax returns and W-2 forms. In a federal grand jury indictment handed up on March 29, he also was charged with 30 counts of submitting false claims for income tax refunds. A Lynwood man identified as George Allan Smith was charged with two counts of conspiring with Butler to defraud the government. Nine other people – including a U.S. Navy sailor and two other Palmdale residents, as well as residents of Los Angeles, Long Beach, Victorville, Compton and El Sobrante – were accused of providing Butler with dozens of names and Social Security numbers. Investigators said Butler, Smith and a third man had control over addresses to which tax refunds were sent, including post office boxes listed in financial-firm names.
A former Ghana football coach said the country’s football was ‘going nowhere’ because the players were ‘having too much sex,’ according to a local news report.”A lot of today’s players cannot play 90 minutes because they get so tired easily. And you know why? Because they don’t sleep enough and don’t train enough and they engage in too much sex. There are beautiful young girls in Ghana and they won’t leave them alone.” Malik Jabir said, speaking to a national radio station.Currently the under-23 coach, 71-year-old Jabir represented the Black Stars at the 1968 and 1972 Olympic Games and coached Ghana in 2003. “There is time for sex and time for football, but if you mix the two, you will never reach the top,” he said according to a report in Diario AS.The Black Stars’ are slated to play in a 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifier against Uganda on Friday.Health experts have widely discredited claims that sex can affect athletic performances, but coaches don’t necessarily believe that. In a run-up to FIFA in 2014, a survey showd that Russia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile and Mexico had imposed explicit bans on sex for their players.”There will be no sex in Brazil. They can find another solution, they can even masturbate if they want. I am not interested what the other coaches do, this is not a holiday trip, we are there to play football at the World Cup,” Bosnia-Herzegovina’s soccer coach had famously told reporters two months before the tournament.Even late boxer Muhammad Ali abstained for six weeks before fights.advertisement
Mahendra Singh Dhoni.Twitter/Cricket World CupFormer Indian skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni is quite well-known for his heroic performances that have given India many trophies in the last decade. The 38-year-old has achieved all the accolades a cricketer can dream of in his career. He has given India a World Cup after 28 years and is arguably the best-ever skipper to lead the Men in Blue. The hard-hitter is known for the way he finishes of matches keeping his head cool. But, he has recently been spotted playing a different sport in a video posted by his fan club on Twitter.Is Dhoni planning to play a new sport?The reality is that Dhoni, who is a Lieutenant Colonel (Honorary) of the Parachute Regiment of the Territorial Army is currently doing his two-month training with his battalion (106 Para TA battalion) in the Kashmir Valley. He has taken a two-month break from the Indian team. The wicket-keeper batsman joined his unit on July 31 and will be there doing his duties of patrolling, guard and post duty till August 15.Lt. Colonel Mahendra Singh Dhoni spotted playing volleyball with his Para Territorial Battalion!Video Courtesy : DB Creation #IndianArmy #MSDhoni #Dhoni pic.twitter.com/H6LwyC4ALb— MS Dhoni Fans Official (@msdfansofficial) August 4, 2019As a part of his training, he was seen playing volley-ball in a video by one of his fan clubs on Twitter. The cricketer was seen serving the ball to the opponents. The video has gone viral on social media.Dhoni became a qualified paratrooper in 2015 after he successfully completed five parachute training jumps from an army aircraft at the Agra training camp. Mahendra Singh Dhoni and Rishabh Pant.Twitter/BCCIPost India’s exit from the ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 the former skipper was criticised by cricket fans and former cricketers. They argued that the 38-year-old cricketer has become old and is batting at a very slow pace. Speculations about Dhoni’s retirement were also doing the rounds.When Dhoni opted out of the West Indies series, the speculations started to gain ground. But Indian chief selector MSK Prasad clarified that Dhoni will be back in the team as the second-choice keeper since Rishabh Pant will become India’s first-choice keeper in the future. The ageing cricketer will help in the grooming process of the youngster Pant. As reported by NDTV, Dhoni is expected to return for India in T20 internationals against New Zealand and South Africa in February 2020.
Shahjahan KhanA cabinet member on Saturday said ruling Awami League must wrest election victory from the BNP-Jamaat alliance next time.”We’ve to swear allegiance anew to snatch victory in the next elections, defeating the BNP-Jamaat alliance,” shipping minister Shahjahan Khan said at a programme in observance of Victory Day in his hometown of Madaripur.Shahjahan Khan, executive president of the Bangladesh Road Transport Workers Federation. said prime minister Sheikh Hasina-led government would return to power once again.”We’ve to be united and work towards that end. The Awami League will not lose to those who support war criminals and militancy,” he insisted.”Rather, the Awami League will break into gleeful celebration winning the next general elections.”The minister made the observations at the AL office in Madaripur after placing werath at the portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.Member of parliament from Madaripur-3 AFM Bahauddin Nasim, district council chairman Miazuddin Khan, district AL president Shahabuddin Mollah and mayor of local pourasava Khalid Hossain were present.
Explore further This observation has led researchers to ask how evolution may have selected for personality variation within a species. A team from the UK has recently suggested a novel yet simple answer: that variation begets variation. They explain how there is no single ideal personality (as there is an ideal hand or eye, which we all share), but nature instead promotes different personalities.In their recent study, John McNamara, Philip Stephens, and Alasdair Houston from the University of Bristol, and Sasha Dall of the University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus, explain how natural selection can prevent individuals in a species from evolving toward a single optimum personality, using a game theory scenario. In their study, the researchers focus on the evolution of trust and trustworthiness. The game scenario they use is a variant of the Prisoner’s Dilemma. First, Player 1 chooses to trust or not trust Player 2. Not trusting gives Player 1 a small payoff, and Player 2 gets nothing. If Player 1 trusts Player 2, and Player 2 is trustworthy, then both players receive the same medium-size payoff. But if Player 1 trusts Player 2, and Player 2 isn’t trustworthy, Player 1 receives nothing, and Player 2 receives the maximum pay-off. In other words, Player 1 takes a risk if choosing to trust Player 2.At this point, it seems that Player 2 should always choose to be untrustworthy, so that he always receives the maximum payoff. However, as in real life, the game is iterative. And – this is the important factor – Player 1 can do some background research on Player 2, and find out how often Player 2 has been trustworthy in the past. If Player 2 has a record of being untrustworthy, then Player 1 probably won’t trust him. This “social awareness” comes at a cost for Player 1, so Player 1 must decide if the cost is worth the information. If a population of Player 2’s has variation in its records of trustworthiness, then Player 1 could learn useful information by learning a Player 2’s history. (Realistic methods of acquiring information include, for example, talking to third parties or observing facial expression.) But if a Player 2 population generally has the same records, then the cost of social awareness wouldn’t be worthwhile for Player 1. Who you gonna trust? How power affects our faith in others In simulations with multiple players, individual patterns of trust and trustworthiness were allowed to evolve freely. By watching simulations of the game, the researchers found that the Player 2 population evolved variability in trustworthiness in response to sampling by the Player 1 population. For the Player 2 population, variation was the best strategy for gaining the trust of Player 1, and then exploiting that trust to maximize their pay-off on occasion. This variation, in turn, meant that Player 1 could gain helpful information by paying the cost of being socially aware – which, once again, provoked more variation in the Player 2 population. The researchers noted several interesting results of the game. If the Player 1 population was too trusting, the Player 2 population exploited that, and became less trustworthy. Dall said the team was pleasantly surprised by two results: that the model predicted behavioral variation in both player types, and also predicted two distinct variation patterns for Player 2’s behavior. “Not only were we able to explain why variation should be maintained as social interactions become more extensive, we were able to explain how discrete behavioral types might evolve in otherwise continuous behavioral traits,” Dall said to PhysOrg.com.As he elaborated, the presence of a few socially aware Player 1’s will not only keep the Player 2’s in check, but also allow for more variation among Player 1’s. “You only need a certain number of samplers to enforce trustworthy Player 2 behavior, and so there will be a limit to the numbers of samplers that will be maintained by selection. Once samplers are common enough, everyone else should adopt unconditional, cost-free Player 1 behavior.” In other words, some Player 1’s will always trust, while other Player 1’s will never trust one another.As the researchers concluded, even though this study focuses on a specific model, the general finding that variation begets variation in social contexts has broad implications for understanding evolution and game theory. Past results in game theory have discovered individual differences in trust and trustworthiness, and now studies like this one help to explain this variation. This study and others also show that evolutionary game theorists cannot ignore the importance of individual variation in their models. Meanwhile, the researchers will continue to investigate exactly why we have different personalities.“More generally, the question of ‘why personality variation evolves’ requires a more complex answer, which we’re only just starting to unravel as evolutionary biologists,” Dall said. “The chances are that there isn’t just one reason, and which particular reason is relevant depends on the context. So far, our social awareness reason is one of the few that has been proposed to explain variation in a cooperative context. Social awareness also appears to work in an aggressive context: individuals adopt consistent levels of aggression to avoid getting in real fights, since if someone can predict you’re going to be aggressive, they will avoid provoking you; individual differences arise via frequency dependence again, as the more aggression there is around you, the less you should bother fighting – this is the famous Hawk-Dove game outcome.”More information: McNamara, John M.; Stephens, Philip A.; Dall, Sasha R. X.; Houston, Alasdair I. “Evolution of trust and trustworthiness: social awareness favours personality differences.” Proceedings of the Royal Society, doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1182.Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. (PhysOrg.com) — Although members of the same species share more than 99 percent of their genetic makeup, individuals often have small differences, such as in their appearance, susceptibility to disease, and life expectancy. Another difference, one that has gone overlooked from the evolutionary perspective, is personality variation. Even identical twins can have personality types at opposite ends of the spectrum. The researchers performed simulations of the above game to understand how behavior variation evolves in a population. Player 1 (P1) chooses to trust or not trust Player 2 (P2). If trusted, P2 chooses to take advantage of P1 to gain a higher pay-off, or be trustworthy. The pay-off relation is 0 < s < r < 1. P1’s cost of sampling P2 is c, where 0 < c < s. Image credit: J. M. McNamara et al. ©2008 The Royal Society. Citation: Study Shows How We Evolved Different Personalities (2008, November 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-11-evolved-personalities.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Kolkata: Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO) on Friday floated a tender, inviting expression of interest for allotment of land at the Bengal Silicon Valley IT Hub in New Town.The proposed Silicon Valley Asia will come up on 100 acres of land in Action Area II. It is situated off Biswa Bangla Sarani near Eco Park. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had laid its foundation stone on August 13.The last date of application will be October 31, till 2 pm. The land will be given on a 99 year lease. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAt the foundation stone laying ceremony, Banerjee had announced that if required, the state government would provide more land to the investors and assured every possible help to them.It may be mentioned that noted architect Hafiz Contractor has designed the proposed office building of Infosys. The company has purchased 50 acres of land and the office building will be ready within 15 months of the start of construction.A senior official of the IT department said that Bengal is poised to take a lead when it comes to embracing emerging technologies like Blockchain, Fintech, Internet of Things (IoT), Embedded Technology and Artificial Intelligence.The state government has brought out an IT policy. IT parks have come up in different areas, including the hills recently.It may be mentioned that the Chief Minister, during her recent trips to Frankfurt and Milan, had spoken about investment in the IT sector and had referred to the proposed Silicon Valley Hub.
November 30, 2015 Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Imagine a world where your Internet connection comes from a light source. And in that world, your Internet connection is as much as 100 times faster than current wi-fi data transmission.That future isn’t imaginary. It’s coming. Tartu, Estonia-based startup Velmenni has unveiled the prototype for an LED light bulb called Jugnu which is capable of transmitting a data signal. The startup is currently working to build an Android app to capture the data sent through light, according to the company website.Another startup working in the space, ByteLight, is using the power of LED light bulbs to transmit data combined with location sensor technology to track the location of shoppers in retail stores. If a store knows exactly what you are looking at when you are in a store, it can push coupons and content to your smartphone relevant to what you are looking at in real time. Related: Google Just Got a Patent for Adding Holograms to a Google-Glass-Type HeadsetWhile li-fi, or “visible light communication,” is still largely the purview of university researchers and a small selection of high-tech, futuristic startups, the industry is expected to grow significantly over the next five years. Currently a $327.8 million industry, the visible light communication market is expected to be worth more than $8.5 billion by 2020, according to an estimate from the Indian market-research firm Markets and Markets.Li-fi may sound like wild, mind-boggling, futuristic technology, but it also has the potential to solve very real, everyday problems.As more and more people all over the globe come online, the radio waves that currently transmit data are becoming overwhelmed. When radio waves become overloaded, data transmission becomes slow. Painfully slow. Have you ever tried to get online at an airport?Not only are we bringing more and more people in the world online, but people who are already online are demanding ever more data transmission. Consumers expect to be able to watch videos on their mobile devices. And the Internet of Things movement is embedding wireless connectivity to devices and gadgets that haven’t previously used Internet, like your refrigerator, car and coffee pot.Related: The Future of the Internet of Things Will Be ‘Notification Hell’ Before It Gets BetterThere are exponentially more sources of light than there are radio waves, and therefore, there is potential for exponentially more data to be transferred through li-fi than with the wi-fi we are currently using.“We have 1.4 million expensively deployed, inefficient radio-cellular base stations. And multiply that by 10,000, then you end up at 14 billion. Fourteen billion is the number of light bulbs installed already,” says Harald Haas, a professor of Mobile Communications at the University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom, who is credited with inventing the idea of li-fi. His TED talk introducing the technology from 2011 has received more than 2 million views.In addition to providing greater access to data connectivity, li-fi is more secure than radio connectivity, says Haas. Light waves do not transmit through walls. Therefore, if sensitive data is transmitted via li-fi, it will not travel beyond the room where the light radiates.Haas serves as the Chief Scientific Officer at the United Kingdom-based startup PureLifi, where he is overseeing the development of li-fi data transmission products. For parts of the world where the infrastructure to support LED light bulbs does not exist, Haas has just in September unveiled technology that would allow the transmission of data through solar-powered energy cells.To be sure, the solar cells that transmit data Haas demoed were early-stage prototypes. But he also says he does expect to be able to bring these technologies to market in the next two to three years.“We hope we will be able to contribute to closing the digital divide, and also contribute to connecting all these billions of devices to the Internet. And all of this without causing a massive explosion of energy consumption — because of the solar cells, quite the opposite,” says Haas.Related: For the First Time Ever, NASA Astronauts Eat Vegetables Grown in Space Register Now » 4 min read