SANTA CLARA — As Dee Ford revealed his medical history and listed one injury after the other, it didn’t paint a sunny forecast for the 49ers pass rusher who arrived at a high price this offseason.Listening closer to his words and tone, however, and there’s evidence why Ford could downplay his string of injuries.His production, after all, speaks quite well for his resiliency and pain threshold.The 49ers’ bye week comes at an opportune time for Ford to rest and further rehabilitate his left …
South Africa is to boost its renewable energy production capability. (Image: MediaClubsouthafrica.com. For more free photos, visit the image library) MEDIA CONTACTS • Bheki KhumaloDepartment of Energy spokesperson+27 12 371 8185 or +27 82 773 2388RELATED ARTICLES • New wind farm for SA • Top marks for SA energy policies• A power plant in your home • Wind power on SA’s national gridJanine ErasmusA new agreement signed by the South African government and the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI) is to prepare the way for a solar park in the North West province.Minister of Energy Dipuo Peters and CCI chair Ira Magaziner signed a Memorandum of Understanding in November 2009 which will initiate a study to determine the best location for this facility, taking into account factors such as land availability, radiation levels, job creation and cost of transmission.The CCI is the arm of the William J Clinton Foundation that investigates and drives solutions to the global problem of climate change. Johannesburg is a partner city in the initiative. The organisation is also working with the Indian and Australian governments on the development of similar solar projects in those countries.This announcement comes just ahead of the much-anticipated Copenhagen Climate Conference, which takes place in the Danish capital between 7 and 18 December 2009.The solar park would essentially be a huge solar energy installation that will tap one of South Africa’s most precious natural resources – its abundant sunshine. At the same time it would boost the country’s use of renewable power and, with more producers competing for business, may also result in reduced rates. This will be welcome news for hard-pressed consumers, who are dreading more electricity tariff hikes on the horizon.By embarking on more solar project South Africa would become a world leader in this field, said Magaziner.Adding extra powerSouth Africa derives most of its electricity from the burning of fossil fuels. Figures available on the website of the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre, a division of the US Department of Energy, reveal that in 2006 the country was the 13th worst carbon emitter on the planet, and the biggest culprit in Africa.In 2006 a staggering 88% of South Africa’s carbon emissions came from coal.Peters and Magaziner have indicated that the proposed park could add an initial 5 000 MW of power to the national grid. If survey and study data are positive, construction will begin around the end of 2010, with the facility coming online in 2012.While South Africa’s weather generally is conducive towards solar energy production, the North West province, with 300 days of sunshine annually, is the most likely location for the solar park.Much of the country receives, on average, over 2 500 hours of sunshine per year, according to the national energy department, with annual solar radiation levels ranging from 4 500 and 6 000 Wh/m2.Renewable energySouth Africa’s government strongly supports the concept of renewable energy and has set a target of 10 000GWh of energy to be produced from renewable energy sources – mainly biomass, wind, solar and hydro-electric on a smaller scale – by 2013.This is laid out in the white paper on renewable energy, which was approved by Cabinet in 2003. Achieving the target will bring considerable relief to the over-burdened national electricity utility Eskom, as well as bring in almost US$40.2-million (R300-million) revenue, and contribute to a cleaner environment because of reduced coal burning and water usage.Once the formalities are over, the solar park is expected to play a major role in reaching that target.Peters described the project as a sign of South Africa’s firm commitment to tackling climate change, adding that to sit back and do nothing about the global phenomenon is dangerous and that the solar park is the first of many initiatives.“Setting targets is important but all countries need to begin to act,” she said.Many opportunitiesThe country’s national energy regulator implemented a feed-in tariff system for wind energy in March 2009, becoming the first African country to do so and beating major developed countries such as the UK and US to the punch. The tariffs are guaranteed for 20 years.This means that both small- and large-scale producers of renewable energy may sell their energy to the power utility at prices above normal market level. Even householders may feed their excess renewable energy into the national grid, and be paid for it. This is aimed at encouraging wider production and use of renewable energy sources.Of the four categories of renewable energy, the other three being wind, small-scale hydro, and landfill gas, the tariff for concentrated solar power is the highest.The solar park would encourage independent power producers to set up shop in an area that is optimised for that particular industry, with infrastructure in place, support facilities available, shared generation licensing, and environmental impact studies already completed.It would create many jobs, said Magaziner, not only during the construction and later operation, but also through opportunities at nearby component manufacturing plants.
Precious manuscripts in Sanksrit and its derivatives, Pali and the Prakrits, are soon to be preserved for posterity with the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (BORI) launching an e-library and commencing on a major digitization process of its treasure trove in Indology.Unperturbed by the tumult of Pune’s dramatically changing landscape, the institute, named after legendary Indologist Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, was set-up in 1917 and remains a fixture of the city’s historic-cultural fabric and a veritable researchers’ paradise. Its venerated walls house one of South Asia’s largest and most invaluable agglomeration of rare manuscripts.“The move to digitise rare books had begun in earnest since September last year. The institute has formed a three-member committee to examine the institute’s repository of 1.35 lakh books and 28,000 manuscripts,” said Dr. Shreenand Bapat, registrar and curator-in-charge, BORI.While a Zeutschel high-resolution German scanner has been specially procured by the institute at the cost of Rs. 15 lakh, the restoration promises to be a painstaking and laborious process and promises to stretch on for the better part of five years.The scanning process, according to Dr. Bapat, poses particular challenges owing to the age of the manuscripts, some of which are more than a millennium old. “A team of four researchers are working on this project comprising of Prof. Shrikant Bahulkar, Dr. Maitreyee Deshpande and their two assistants. Each day, around 4,000 pages of the manuscripts which have to be digitised and pass it on to an IT company in Mumbai specializing in digitization,” he informed, adding that almost 12 lakh images of pages have to be digitized.At present, around 12,000 manuscripts and books – the rarest of the rare – have been scanned.The Government of Bombay State had first begun a pan-Indian manuscript collection project in the mid-1860s under which eminent scholars like R.G. Bhandarkar and German Indologists Johann Georg Buhler and Lorenz Franz Kielhorn among others collected several thousand manuscripts.This treasure trove, which is to be digitized, was first deposited at Mumbai’s Elphinstone College, from whence it was moved to Pune’s Deccan College for better preservation facilities.There were permanently housed in 1918 in BORI with Lord Willingdon [Major Freeman-Thomas], the then Governor of the Bombay Presidency and the first president of institute, authorizing for the valuable government collection to be transferred there.Among the notable publications that have emerged from this grand collection is a critical 19-volume edition of The Mahabharata, collated with copious critical material, out of nearly 1260 old manuscripts.Apart from the ageing process, the manuscripts have also fallen prey to petty political bickering, most notoriously in 2004, when the institute was shaken by the vandalism committed by the pro-Maratha Sambhaji Brigade, protesting against American scholar’s James Laine’s book on King Shivaji. Several manuscripts were destroyed while Dr. Bahulkar was manhandled by Brigade activists for allegedly explaining the meaning of Sanskrit references to Prof. Laine.The move to build a metadata has always been mired in financial stress, and while baby steps were taken since 2011, the digitization process gained momentum only recently after the Centre approved of a revised budget outlay for the same.In 2003, the National Mission for Manuscripts (NAMAMI) had selected BORI as one of the 32 manuscripts’ resource and conservation centres across the country.
Miami Heat guard Goran Dragic, right, drives past Oklahoma City Thunder guard Dennis Schroder, left, in the first half of an NBA basketball game against Miami Heat, Monday, March 18, 2019, in Oklahoma City. (AP Photo/Kyle Phillips)OKLAHOMA CITY — The Thunder were foundering without their star point guard, and the Miami Heat — like Oklahoma City trying to improve their playoff position — took advantage.Goran Dragic had 26 points and 11 assists, and Dwyane Wade added 25 points in the Heat’s 116-107 win Monday night over the Thunder, who played without the suspended Russell Westbrook.ADVERTISEMENT Without Schroder running the second unit, Oklahoma City’s bench lacked scoring punch and it showed, as Miami’s reserves outscored the Thunder’s 67-10. Dragic and Wade both came off the bench for the Heat, and reserve James Johnson had 14 points.“The reality is, we’re bringing some firepower off the bench,” Heat coach Erik Spoelstra said. “Our starters have been tremendous, but it’s not going to work in this league all the time. You’re not always going to be able to get off to the starts that you want. We’re bringing a Hall of Famer off the bench, an All-Star. … It’s not like we’re cringing when we go to the bench. It takes a collective effort.”The first half featured wild swings. The Thunder led 13-0 after the Heat missed their first eight shots, but a 17-0 run by Miami’s reserves put the Heat ahead before the end of the first quarter. The Heat led 41-29 with 8:12 left in the second quarter, but Oklahoma City pulled within 58-55 by halftime.Miami rebuilt its lead to 15 points in the third quarter. A dunk by Grant with 11:02 left got the Thunder within 86-79 before a 15-3 run by the Heat ended all doubt. A 3-pointer by Josh Richardson — who is from the Oklahoma City suburb of Edmond — put Miami up 101-82 with 7:29 left.“They hit some tough shots,” Schroder said. “We forced them to shoot non-paint twos and D-Wade and Dragic did a great job tonight. Credit to them.ADVERTISEMENT “We’ve just got to keep working every game, try to get better as a team and play together. Especially during tough stretches like we’re going through now, we’ve got to stay together as a team.”ENJOYING THE DRAMASpoelstra acknowledges the Heat’s schedule to close the season is difficult, but says his team is “embracing the competition.”“We all feel alive in there,” he said. “It’s not just because of the wins, because of the consequences, the pain of a loss and the celebration of getting the job done in a tough place. We know, even without Westbrook — which is a significant difference, let’s be fair about that — but you still have to take care of business in a place where they don’t lose very often. You have to play well and we were able to do that.”TIP-INSHeat: Justise Winslow missed his second straight game with a right thigh bruise suffered Friday against Milwaukee, while Rodney McGruder sat out with left knee soreness. … Former Thunder player Dion Waiters received louder-than-usual applause as starting lineups were introduced, but Wade received a standing ovation when he entered four minutes into the game. … Wade’s 674 career points vs. the Thunder is his second-highest total against a Western Conference foe, behind only Portland (699).Thunder: Westbrook could earn another one-game suspension for every two technical fouls the rest of the regular season. He’s now missed nine games this season because of injury or suspension. … Backup C Nerlens Noel didn’t play because of a left quad contusion. … Markieff Morris picked up a technical foul with 1:40 left in the third quarter.UP NEXTHeat: Continue their four-game trip on Wednesday in San Antonio.Thunder: Host Toronto on Wednesday before visiting the Raptors on Friday. 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The Heat snapped a six-game losing streak against Oklahoma City, which now has lost nine of its last 13 games to fall to sixth in the Western Conference.“We put our track shoes on, put all our pads on and went out there ready for a tough basketball game that has a playoff kind of feel to it,” said Wade, who played 33 minutes.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsPaul George scored 31 points with nine rebounds and Jerami Grant had 27 points and 10 rebounds for Oklahoma City. Dennis Schroder, who started in Westbrook’s place, scored 20 points. Steven Adams had 10 points and 12 rebounds but was limited by foul trouble to 25 minutes.Westbrook picked up his NBA-leading 16th technical foul in a loss to Golden State on Saturday, earning an automatic one-game suspension at a pivotal time for his team. He was not with the team on Monday and thus not inside Chesapeake Energy Arena to watch the Thunder struggle, shooting 43.7 percent and committing 19 turnovers. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag Spurs extend streak to 9 straight, stun Warriors Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving Miguel Romero Polo: Bamboo technology like no other Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Google Philippines names new country director Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event MOST READ