WINNIPEG — A Winnipeg man has been convicted of murdering an Indigenous woman in what Crown prosecutors called a crime worse than any horror movie.A jury found Brett Ronald Overby, who is 32, guilty of second-degree murder in the death of 21-year-old Christine Wood.Wood had travelled to Winnipeg from the Oxford House First Nation in northern Manitoba in the summer of 2016.Court heard she met Overby through a dating website.He admitted to killing Wood, but his lawyer was asking for a manslaughter conviction because Overby said he didn’t remember what happened and didn’t mean to harm her.Crown pointed to evidence that Wood was stabbed multiple times, her throat was slit, and her blood was all over Overby’s basement.A second-degree murder conviction carries a mandatory life sentence.The Canadian Press
Recommended for you TCI Country Leaders condemn vicious memes Related Items:chicken pox, Hon Sharlene Robinson, Ministry of Health and Human Services, Pdm TCI Premier blasts Opposition side for “slop” information, sets it straight in HOA Only Doug and Ralph and Ruth can fit, that’s why Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 09 Mar 2016 – Chicken Pox is plaguing schools across the country and the PDM Leader says the Ministry of Health should have already been vocal on the outbreak. Magnetic Media has received several alarming messages about so many schools being plagued by the itchy and highly contagious rash. And while the outbreak was addressed briefly by the Premier in a recent House of Assembly meeting, there has been no official notice issued. Hon Sharlene Robinson today said: “There is an obvious increase in cases of Chicken Pox in the Islands and the Government has said nothing to unsuspecting parents, children and citizens generally… I believe that something must be said or done.” Parents and teachers she said have been caught off guard; and despite the rash outbreak amongst children, parents are still bringing or sending their children to school. There remains no official word about the cases from the Ministry of Health and Human Services. Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppThe PDM is calling for the electorate to be sharp, and to not be duped by the catchy phrases of the PNP Administration; PDM House Members pulled no punches on Monday when they labeled as bogus some of the milestones recently touted by the Rufus Ewing led government. A former Health Minister and Opposition appointed member, Clarence Selver said when it comes to the InterHealth Canada deal, the Premier cannot be trusted. “And if you look at that you will see where the Premier declares that he has an interest with InterhealthCanada; he has an interest so when the InterhealthCanada contract is up for review he conveniently takes over that from his former minister for Health; Porsha (Smith, Minister) so that he can keep an eye on things.” It is true, the Premier has declared that he is compensated by the Hospitals and recent testimony given in the SIPT trials also exposed that Dr. Rufus Ewing was a part of the negotiations of the TCI Hospitals at their inception. Selver said the deal is just too expensive. “The bulk of government expenditure, over 20 odd percent; so every dollar government raises, 20 cents out of that dollar gatta go towards maintaining the hospitals cost. That being the case there were two audits supposed to have been done; a clinical audit which looks at the quality of healthcare that the hospital provided and whether it was up to par and other things, as well as the financial audit, how much money they received, what they spent money on and whether we are getting value for money.” Related Items:
Related Items:mosquito repellent flying off the shelves in TCI, shelves empty of mosquito repellent Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, TCI, July 27, 2016 – Store shelves where mosquito repellent once stood are looking empty as stock around the islands are running low as people try to arm themselves against mosquito bites. On Saturday it was revealed that the TCI is among the 65 countries worldwide with recorded cases of the mosquito borne Zika Virus; among the 22 in the Caribbean.
Franklin was the daughter of two gospel singers and began singing and playing piano at a young age. As a teenager she started singing in the choir at the church where her father preached and recorded backup vocals on her father’s gospel albums. In 1961, at the age of 18, she was signed to Columbia Records and released her first album, Aretha.In 1967, just six years after her debut album, she started garnering widespread acclaim and began her reign as the original R&B queen with her hit album I Never Loved A Man The Way I Love You. The album included her iconic cover of Otis Redding’s “Respect,” for which she earned her first No. 1 spot on the Billboard Hot 100, and her first two GRAMMY wins for Best R&B Recording and Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Female at the 10th GRAMMY Awards.Franklin would go on to earn a total of 44 GRAMMY nominations and a historic 18 wins in her lifetime. Her total wins make her one of the most awarded GRAMMY artists of all time. She graced the GRAMMY stage with her legendary soulful sound a total of eight times, putting her in a tie with Whitney Houston as the runner up for the most GRAMMY performances by a female artist.In addition to her many GRAMMY Awards, she has been honored by The Recording Academy on multiple occasions. Franklin received the GRAMMY Legend Award in 1991, which is presented “to individuals or groups for ongoing contributions and influence in the recording field,” and is one of just 15 artists to receive this special award since its inception in 1990. She was also honored by the Academy with the Lifetime Achievement Award in 1994. On top of that, five of her recordings have been inducted into the GRAMMY Hall Of Fame: “Respect,” “Chain Of Fools,” “Amazing Grace,” “A Natural Woman (You Make Me Feel Like),” and “I Never Loved A Man The Way I Love You.” Not only did Franklin make monumental contributions to the music world during her lifetime, she also helped make the world a better place outside of the music she made. She supported several charities and advocacy organizations including the NAACP, the Special Olympics, Feeding America, The Rainforest Foundation, and the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes. In 2005 President Clinton awarded her with The Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the U.S. The Recording Academy also acknowledged her huge positive impact on the world, honoring her as the 2008 MusiCares Person of the Year.Franklin and her prolific musical career have had a far-reaching influence on musicians over the years and across genres, with many offering their condolences for the Queen of Soul. Following a hospitalization in 2010, the 53rd GRAMMY Awards featured special performances as part of an Aretha Franklin Tribute, with artists such as fellow GRAMMY-winners Jennifer Hudson and Christina Aguilera covering her hits to honor the legend.Franklin was truly influential throughout her life, most recently celebrating her 100th chart-topping single with her cover of Adele’s “Rolling In The Deep.” With the release of the single in 2014, she became the first female artist to place 100 career titles on the Billboard’s Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, and remains in the lead, tied with Stevie Wonder and ahead of Drake, for the most No. 1 singles on the chart with 20 total.”Aretha Franklin was an incomparable artist who came to be recognized as one of the most profound voices in music,” said Neil Portnow, President and CEO of the Recording Academy. “Her distinctive sound, unforgettable recordings, and giving spirit will continue to be celebrated worldwide. Aretha will be dearly missed, and our thoughts go out to her loved ones during this difficult time.” Thanks to her long, outstanding career and her deep impact in the soul, R&B, and pop music worlds, Franklin leaves a legacy that will continue to inspire artists for generations to come. Catching Up On Music News Powered By The Recording Academy Just Got Easier. Have A Google Home Device? “Talk To GRAMMYs”Read more Email NETWORK ERRORCannot Contact ServerRELOAD YOUR SCREEN OR TRY SELECTING A DIFFERENT VIDEO Aug 16, 2018 – 11:28 am Aretha Franklin’s GRAMMY Highlights News Twitter Facebook The legendary soul singer and 18-time GRAMMY winner made an indelible mark on music Ana YglesiasGRAMMYs Aug 16, 2018 – 9:00 am Aretha Franklin, a legendary and deeply influential R&B artist, died on Aug. 16 at age 76. The cause was of advanced pancreatic cancer. Aretha Franklin, Queen Of Soul, Dies At 76 aretha-franklin-queen-soul-dies-76 Aretha Franklin, Queen Of Soul, Dies At 76
4:06 A police officer secures the area in front of the Masjid al Noor mosque Friday after a shooting incident in Christchurch. Tessa Burrows/Getty Images For every video of the mass shooting in New Zealand that YouTube and Facebook block, another two or three seem to replace it. On Friday, a gunman in Christchurch attacked Muslims praying at a mosque and livestreamed the shooting on Facebook. The social network removed the video and deleted the shooter’s account. But that didn’t stop the clip from spreading across the internet. The shooter referenced PewDiePie, a popular, if controversial, YouTube star and Fortnite, the hit social game, ensuring the video circulated wider and deeper on the web.The roughly 17-minute video was downloaded from Facebook. Then it was re-uploaded to YouTube multiple times, with new posts often appearing within minutes of each other. YouTube is encouraging users to flag any videos showing this clip and said it’s been removing thousands of videos related to the shooting in the last 24 hours.”Shocking, violent and graphic content has no place on our platforms, and we are employing our technology and human resources to quickly review and remove any and all such violative content on YouTube,” a YouTube spokesperson said in a statement. “As with any major tragedy, we will work cooperatively with the authorities.” Enlarge ImageRe-uploads of the clip have been plaguing YouTube’s moderators, who are struggling to remove the videos. Alfred Ng / CNET The video-streaming giant uses algorithms, such as Content ID, that automatically detect when copyrighted materials like songs and movie clips are uploaded onto its platform, so they can be taken down by copyright owners. Google, which owns YouTube, didn’t specify what tools it was using to help control the spread of the New Zealand video, saying only that it was using smart-detection technology to remove the clips. The search for the violent videos underscores the difficulty social media companies have in detecting and removing hateful videos and comments. In what’s become a sad practice, videos of tragedies bounce around the web as tech giants try to purge them. Critics have pointed out that the New Zealand shooter was able to livestream his rampage for more than a quarter of an hour before Facebook shut it down.”This is flatly unacceptable,” Farhana Khera, the director of Muslim Advocates, said in a statement. “Tech companies must take all steps possible to prevent something like this from happening again.”Authorities in New Zealand reported that 49 people were killed and at least 20 wounded at two mosques. Three people have been arrested in connection with the attacks, and one suspect has been charged with murder.With more than 2 billion monthly active users on Facebook and nearly 2 billion monthly logged-in users on YouTube, these social media platforms have an enormous reach. Facebook said it’s continuing to search for any instances of the video on the social network, using reports from the community and human moderators, as well as tech tools. The social network has set up a system designed to automatically detect and remove clips that are visually similar to the original video. It’s also scanning for similar audio. “New Zealand Police alerted us to a video on Facebook shortly after the livestream commenced and we quickly removed both the shooter’s Facebook and Instagram accounts and the video,” Mia Garlick, a Facebook New Zealand spokeswoman, said in a statement. “We’re also removing any praise or support for the crime and the shooter or shooters as soon as we’re aware.”In addition, Facebook intends to take down any content that claims the shooting didn’t occur or that survivors are crisis actors.Facebook’s efforts haven’t stopped clips or links to the Facebook Live video from making their way to other social media sites, including Twitter, where they attracted thousands of views. Twitter, which prohibits users from glorifying violence on the site, uses a mix of technology and human reviewers to find the videos but also encourages users to report the content. Reddit was also banning groups, including the r/watchpeopledie subreddit, after users shared a link to the shooter’s live video last night. “We are very clear in our site terms of service that posting content that incites or glorifies violence will get users and communities banned from Reddit,” a Reddit spokesperson said. “Subreddits that fail to adhere to those site-wide rules will be banned.”People were also reporting that they saw the video being shared in groups on Facebook-owned messaging app WhatsApp.Tech giants, including Facebook and Google, have automation that’s worked in the past for removing extremist videos.In 2016, The Guardian reported that Facebook and Google used algorithms similar to Content ID to automatically remove videos linked to ISIS. This technology looks for videos that have already been uploaded and flagged as violations. It then blocks those videos without requiring a human being to review them. Facebook uses similar tools for blocking revenge porn on its website, the company revealed in 2017. The gunman in New Zealand promoted his livestream and a manifesto on his Facebook account, along with 8Chan, a fringe message board, looking to use the internet to make his mass murder go viral. In his manifesto, the gunman referenced pop culture topics like PewDiePie, Fortnite and the video game Spyro the Dragon, in an attempt to draw more attention to his mass shooting. At one point, the shooter says, “Remember, lads, subscribe to PewDiePie.”The reference forced the YouTuber, whose real name is Felix Kjellberg, to tweet that he was “sickened” by the shooting.As clips of the shooting continue to resurface, experts worry the video will inspire the next mass shooter.”This is one of the dark sides of social media, and something that’s almost impossible for the companies to do anything about. They’re not going to be able to block this material in real time,” said Paul Barrett, deputy director of the NYU Stern Center for Business and Human Rights. “It’s a real conundrum about the dangers that social media can facilitate.”Tom Watson, the deputy leader of the UK’s Labour Party, also called out tech platforms for struggling to stop the video’s spread. In a statement, Watson said he’d be writing to social media companies to ask why they failed to remove the clips. In a tweet, Watson said YouTube should have suspended all new uploads until it could prevent the New Zealand mass shooting video from spreading. “The failure to deal with this swiftly and decisively represents an utter abdication of responsibility by social media companies,” Watson said. “This has happened too many times. Failing to take these videos down immediately and prevent others being uploaded is a failure of decency.” Tags Culture Facebook is putting women on the front line of its war… Originally published March 15, 8:24 a.m. PTUpdates, 9:26 a.m.: Adds comment from Muslim Advocates, background; 1:05 p.m.: Includes comment from Reddit and information about Twitter and WhatsApp; 1:28 p.m.: Adds more background, PewDiePie’s response. Correction, March 15 at 4:13 p.m.: Corrects Tom Watson’s affiliation; March 16: Adds details about efforts to remove the video and related content. Now playing: Watch this:
Comments Share your voice Facebook Twitter 2 A group of websites and social media accounts linked to Russia or far-right groups is spreading misinformation and encouraging political discord just weeks ahead of the key elections in the European Union, The New York Times reported Sunday.The campaign shares many of the same characteristics used in previous Russian attacks, including Russia’s interference with the 2016 US elections, EU investigators tell the Times. Groups in Italy and German bear the same electronic signature as pro-Kremlin websites or share servers used by the Russian hackers who broke into the Democratic National Committee.Disinformation has long been a part of Russia’s foreign policy strategy, and social media has allowed the trolling effort to expand on a viral scale. In 2017, Facebook revealed it found evidence that Russians used the social network to meddle in the 2016 US presidential election and sowed discord among Americans.US intelligence agencies have warned Congress that these campaigns will continue in the future. But determining Russia’s level of involvement is difficult as several copycats on the far right are echoing Kremlin talking points, investigators say.EU investigators believe networks of Facebook and Twitter accounts have been spreading false and divisive stories about the EU, NATO and immigrants, among other issues. An analysis prepared for the Senate found that Russia’s disinformation campaign before the 2016 election used every major social media platform, including Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, to try to sow the seeds of political discord among Americans.Earlier this month, Facebook said it had removed 118 fake accounts, pages and groups from Russia that posted content about politics in Ukraine and other countries in Europe. Facebook has also opened a new operations center in Ireland to combat fake news ahead of the EU parliamentary elections. The current campaign uses messages taken directly from Russian news media, the Times reported, but investigators haven’t publicly accused the Kremlin of supporting a specific candidate. Investigators believe millions of people have been exposed to the propaganda material.Representatives for Facebook and Twitter didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. Internet Tech Industry Tags
Laura Isensee/Houston Public MediaParent and activist Travis McGee addressed a crowd of people at the HISD meeting while the board was in closed session and before a scuffle erupted with police officers.Months ago in May, Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner announced that he wanted the city to get directly involved in local schools.Now that desire has evolved into a new nonprofit, created by Turner’s education office.It’s the latest effort to address problems with Houston’s chronically under-performing schools and the threat of a state take-over, but already it’s drawing protests and push-back from parents and education advocates.“I recognize there needs to be a collaborative effort and shouldn’t be something I should do by myself, but collaboratively, there should be no low-performing schools in my city,” Turner said earlier this year.The city-related nonprofit is called the Coalition for Educational Excellence and Equity in Houston. News 88.7 obtained state records that show Turner’s education chief Juliet Stipeche and three civic leaders are heading up the coalition. Listen About half a dozen people protested the idea at City Hall. Bobbie Cohen called it an effort to privatize public education.“I don’t know why the city has decided to involve itself in a nonprofit coalition with three board members none of whom seem to have any real expertise in education, unless, of course, you count lobbying for ALEC which is an organization that has never met a government entity it did not want to privatize,” Cohen said. Still, Turner defended the effort: “It is an offer, it is up to HISD. No one here is trying to force HISD to do anything. No one.”HISD Board President Rhonda Skillern-Jones told News 88.7 that the board will vote on issuing an RFP (meaning a Request for Proposal) on Thursday. “After then we will know how to move forward,” said Skillern-Jones.Earlier this year, when the HISD board considered approving an outside partnership for struggling schools, the controversial measure sparked protests and arrests at the public meeting.EDITOR’S NOTE: This story has been updated to include the comment by HISD Board President Rhonda Skillern-Jones. Share X Under the state law known as SB 1882, the Houston Independent School District could give the nonprofit temporary control of some Houston schools. That in turn would give the district a two-year pause on steep sanctions, including a potential state takeover.The board has to decide by early February if it wants to pursue this effort or any other partnership for struggling schools. This week, the HISD board added a new agenda item for its meeting Thursday to decide if they want to request any outside partnerships.On Tuesday, Turner issued new details on the objectives of the coalition and defended it at City Hall.He outlined in a statement that the nonprofit aims to administer 15 HISD schools. They would include struggling schools that could trigger state sanctions and their related schools in their neighborhoods, or feeder patterns. Turner also said that he plans to appoint six more board members to the nonprofit. So far, three business executives are the only voting members: Corbin J. Robertson Jr.; Trinidad “Trini” Vasquez-Mendenhall; and Stephanie Nellons-Paige. X To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: 00:00 /00:57 00:00 /00:54 Listen To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code:
Roshé Anthony, owner and director of the BEAT School of Makeup Artistry as well as founder of the Roshé Cosmetics line. (AFRO/Photo Roberto Alejandro)Anyone looking to enter the field of makeup artistry, or simply on the market for some great cosmetics, may want to look up Roshé Anthony.Anthony is the owner and director of the BEAT, or Beauty Expert Artistry Team, School of Makeup Artistry, located in Baltimore’s Charles Village neighborhood for the last nine years. Harnessing an extensive career in makeup artistry and sales, Anthony is helping to fill a vacancy left behind when the state of Maryland stopped regulating makeup artists, and stopped issuing state certification licenses about seven years ago.“That sort of upset a lot of people in the industry because it basically took away our credential,” said Anthony.That credential was important because it indicated to clients or employers that a makeup artist was properly trained.“At that time, we were administering licenses, but when they decided to stop regulating the makeup artistry, our certificate pretty much took the place of the license, and gained as much notoriety, or importance, or credibility as that [former] license,” said Anthony.BEAT offers a 40 hour program that ends in a makeup artistry certification. Because space at the school is limited, BEAT enrolls classes of six students at a time.“It’s a very intimate setting and within that setting they’re learning sanitation, they’re learning color theory, how to do basic facials so that they’re not just makeup artists, they also know how to consult the client as far as what they need to do to keep their skin healthy, and also to make proper recommendations for their skin,” Anthony said.Students learn about the different tools and techniques for applying makeup as well. The school also partners with fashion shows in the region so students can get some real world experience to put on their resumes as they head into the workforce.Because of BEAT’s success in preparing its students for employment, the state recently approved the school as an official occupational training provider under the federal Workforce Investment Act, making students who enroll eligible for assistance with the cost of the program, says Anthony. Interested applicants can get more information at their Local Workforce Investment Board One Stop Center, according to the Maryland Higher Education Commission website.In addition to the school, Anthony has also developed her own line of cosmetics and skincare products, Roshé Cosmetics. Anthony has been doing this for 12 years, and her line includes your standard items like shadows, lip glosses, and pencils.“With our skincare line, it’s a botanical skincare line. It’s really the heart of my brand because skincare is so important. . . . And once you care for [the skin] and help that client to be healthy in that way, then the makeup is more of an accessory as opposed to something that they need to cover up a problem that they may have,” said Anthony, whose products include cleansers, toners, moisturizers, special treatments for dead skin removal, masks, and scrubs.The Roshé Cosmetics line also contains products for men and teenagers interested in improving their skincare.Anyone interested in learning more about Roshé Cosmetics can do so at www.roshecosmetics.com, or by emailing Anthony at email@example.com.Anyone interested in learning more about the BEAT School of Makeup Artistry can call (443) 837-5609, or visit firstname.lastname@example.org
New species of lizard found in stomach of Cretaceous microraptor Researchers have discovered that small mammals, such as those similar to this dormouse, tend to survive longer as a species, while larger mammals tend to die out and/or evolve faster. Image: H. Osadnik. Explore further But overall, small mammals’ ability to hibernate or enter a state of torpor seems to give them the largest benefit for prolonging their species duration. As the researchers found, 41 of 67 (61 percent) extinct small mammal genera had some kind of hibernation ability, while only 15 of 50 (30 percent) extinct large mammal genera did. And the small mammals that didn’t hibernate had relatively faster evolution rates, as they were forced to cope with the elements. The longest living genera in the study were a mole, two gliding squirrels, and two dormice, which lasted about 16 million years, and all had the ability to burrow or hibernate. The tapir was the only large mammal that evolved at a slow rate more akin to the smaller mammals. Most large mammals that didn’t hibernate evolved into a new species or went extinct in just a few million years. The shortest duration in the researchers’ data was one million years. However, Stenseth noted that the truly short-lived creatures are invisible in the fossil record. He also explained that short-lived and long-lived mammals both have their own advantages and disadvantages.“The most diverse and abundant groups, such as the mouse-like (muroid) rodents, have high origination and extinction rates,” he said. “But slow evolvers like dormice are successful in their own way, and clearly very good at what they are doing.”In light of the current climate crisis, this study may help scientists predict which kinds of species are more vulnerable to climatic fluctuations, the authors explain. “There has been a steady loss of large mammals in recent times, and this trend is likely to continue,” said Mikael Fortelius, geology professor at the University of Helsinki and a co-author of the paper. “We are currently extending our PNAS study to include living mammals and hope to be able to present our results soon.”More information: Liow, Lee Hsiang;, Fortelius, Mikael; Bingham, Ella; Lintulaakso, Kari; Mannila, Heikki; Flynn, Larry; and Stenseth, Nils Chr. “Higher origination and extinction rates in larger mammals.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. April 22, 2008, vol. 105, no. 16, 6097-6102.Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Recently, a team of researchers from Finland, Norway and the US has found that larger mammals seem to evolve more quickly than smaller ones – but the reason isn’t body size, per se. Rather, the scientists found that some smaller mammals have the ability to hibernate, burrow or hide in other shelters. In doing so, they effectively sleep through harsh environmental changes. Larger mammals, on the other hand, must endure the hard times when there’s little food or extreme weather. Their large size constrains them from digging burrows or lowering their metabolic rates for extended time periods. In a sense, larger mammals face the elements head-on like a fearless adventurer who might not make it through alive, and is forever changed by the experience.The finding – which is based on analysis of a large Neogene Old World fossil dataset – is somewhat surprising. On an individual level, large mammals tend to live significantly longer than smaller ones. For example, elephants can live up to 70 years, while shrews are lucky to reach two. Because of their faster generation times, small mammals should evolve faster, and small mammal species and genera should appear and go extinct faster – but this is not the case. “We believe the greatest significance of our work is showing that, contrary to expectation, small mammals do not evolve faster than large mammals, and that some of them actually evolve much slower,” Nils Stenseth, zoology professor at the University of Oslo, told PhysOrg.com. “The greatest potential significance is in the SLOH [sleep-or-hide] hypothesis – specifically in its implication that removing part of the environmental pressure slows down evolution quite dramatically.”Previous studies – some focusing on tropical mammals – have had mixed results on size-based evolution rates for fossil mammals, with some finding the opposite pattern and some finding no difference. One possible explanation is that large mammals in tropical climates don’t face such harsh environmental conditions, and so they may last longer and evolve more slowly. Further, smaller mammals in tropical areas may suffer from the increased competition, leading to more rapid turnover rates for them. Citation: Large mammal species live harder, die out faster (2008, May 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-05-large-mammal-species-harder-die.html Throughout Earth’s history, species have come and gone, being replaced by new ones that are better able to cope with life’s challenges. But some species last longer than others, while others may die out sooner or evolve more quickly. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.