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Saving women during childbirth

first_imgThroughout history, more women have died in childbirth than men have died in battle, Mahmoud Fathalla, founder of the Safe Motherhood Initiative, told attendees at the recent Global Maternal Health Conference in Arusha, Tanzania, co-sponsored by Harvard School of Public Health’s Maternal Health Task Force (MHTF) and Management and Development for Health (MDH), a Tanzanian nonprofit.Fathalla and other speakers urged the more than 750 audience members, who represented 59 countries and work in more than 110 countries, to continue working for the health of the 200 million women who become pregnant each year.Conference attendees collaborated on a maternal health manifesto that was published in The Lancet on Feb. 22. Ana Langer, director of the MHTF and professor of the practice of public health at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), Lancet Editor Richard Horton, and Guerino Chalamilla, executive director of MDH, co-authored the piece, which incorporated ideas raised during the conference and feedback from the participants. The authors hoped to keep maternal and women’s health part of discussions during the High-level Dialogue on Health in the Post-2015 Development Agenda, held March 5-6 in Gaborone, Botswana. Representatives from the World Health Organization and United Nations met with government officials and experts from around the world to develop suggestions for the development framework that will follow the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).Launched by the United Nations in 2000, the MDGs include two women’s health goals to be achieved by 2015: A 75 percent reduction in maternal mortality (from 1990 levels) and universal access to reproductive and sexual health services. Maternal mortality has been reduced by nearly 50 percent since 1990, but only 24 percent of developing countries are currently on track to achieve this goal by 2015. There is still much more work to be done, according to the manifesto authors. With less than a thousand days before the MDGs run their course, they sought to define a framework for maternal and women’s health goals in the next set of targets.The manifesto, which calls for “a new and challenging goal for maternal mortality reduction” that embraces “political, economic, and social rights for women,” reflects the collaborative spirit of the conference in a concrete way, Langer said. The writers state that as maternal mortality declines, policymakers need to focus on improving the quality of maternal health care while simultaneously ensuring that the care is delivered in a way that respects women’s dignity.“The manifesto will help make sure that women’s health stays high on the list of priorities that the world needs to keep working on,” Langer said. “It will hopefully also draw more attention to the agenda of the Women and Health Dean’s Flagship Initiative here at HSPH. This is an area where we are well-positioned to move the agenda forward.”To read the full story, visit the HSPH website.last_img read more


UK regulator urges long-term focus in trustee guidance

first_imgThe UK’s Pensions Regulator (TPR) has urged DB pension fund trustees to take a long-term view of investment risks, governance, and strategy in fresh guidance published this week.The lengthy online document detailed the regulator’s expectations of trustees in charge of defined benefit (DB) pensions, and came as part of a wider push to improve scheme governance.Fred Berry, TPR’s head of investment consultancy, said: “The investment strategy is one of the most important drivers of a scheme’s ability to meet the objective of paying the promised benefits as they fall due, and we expect trustees to set this in the context of their integrated risk management approach.“It’s important to set clear investment objectives for your scheme and to identify how and when they should be achieved. Our guidance states that trustees should focus on areas that have the most impact for meeting their scheme’s objectives, and identify the necessary skills for the board of trustees of their scheme. It also provides some practical guidance on how to get the best from their advisers.” The guidance encouraged trustees to focus on “highest level strategic decisions” and delegating other tasks to third parties, including consultants and fiduciary managers.It also emphasised the importance of establishing policies for stewardship of assets – particularly when this responsibility is delegated to a third-party asset manager – and for long-term risks such as climate change.“Most investments in pension schemes are exposed to long-term financial risks, which may include risks around long-term sustainability,” the regulator stated. “These can relate to factors such as climate change, responsible business practices and corporate governance. We expect you to assess the financial materiality of these factors and to allow for them accordingly in the development and implementation of your investment strategy.”Stuart O’Brien, partner at Sackers, said: “TPR is right to draw out specific elements such as ESG, as trustees need to take an active decision as to whether these factors are financially material for their scheme – something which is not always straightforward in practice.”The regulator also emphasised the importance of cash flow matching and modelling.Calum Cooper, head of trustee consulting at Hymans Robertson, welcomed this, but warned that most cash flow modelling systems “typically don’t allow for the primary reason schemes hold assets: i.e. for income to pay the pensions promised”.He claimed this could put members’ benefits in danger, as trustees would not have a full grasp of the risks of not meeting obligations.Cooper added: “Model misbehaviour matters. Cash flows matter. The models used by schemes should reflect both asset and liability cash flows to improve the chances of paying members’ pensions in full.”TPR’s guidance is available here.last_img read more


Leonid Yelin emphasizes Syracuse’s need to ‘do its homework’

first_img Published on November 3, 2015 at 9:03 pm Contact Matt: [email protected] After the Syracuse players left the postgame press conference on the heels of their win against Clemson on Sunday, Syracuse head coach Leonid Yelin was stuck to his seat. He wasn’t done talking.He went into great detail on the importance of education, preparation, and players “doing their homework.” There he sat for five minutes after his players left, continuing the discussion.“We teach them how you teach yourself and how you get information,” Yelin said.With a number of international players on the team, he says some aren’t used to this system of self-teaching, and it’s something they have to get used to in order to succeed.“In (Russia), it was different. (At SU), they teach how to teach yourself,” Yelin said, “Instead of just giving (it) to you and you have to memorize.”AdvertisementThis is placeholder textCurrently sitting fifth in the ACC standings, and already with eight more wins than last season, the 2015 Orange is predicated on preparation.Assistant coaches prepare game footage of both SU’s games and its opponents’ games. They add breakdowns of each rotation, as well as where all of the opposing hitters hit. This helps the players understand where the hits, blocks and digs are going to be coming from.After the coaches have prepared the footage, the players are expected to watch the film and study their assignments. That way, Syracuse knows who they’re lining up against and what their opponent’s tendencies are.Sophomore libero Belle Sand had to adjust to the culture of preparing herself. She now understands how well it carries into practice, as well as the games.“In practice we’ll have (a scout team) on the other side of the net,” Sand said, “They’ll have numbers taped on them so I’ll be able to say, ‘Hey Nico, this girl runs a slide a lot’, and stuff like that.”On Friday night, senior hitter Silvi Uattara struggled. With only three kills and a .091 hitting percentage, it was a career-worst night for the hitter.After the game, Uattara admitted that she wasn’t mentally prepared for the game, and she couldn’t get her mind right.However, to come back ready for the game Sunday, she went back and watched previous film, studying her habits.“I just watched my best games,” Uattara said, “I tried to do my same routine that I’ve done before, and I just tried to bring myself into that mood.”The preparation paid off. Uattara led the Orange with 17 kills in the 3-1 drubbing of Clemson.According to Yelin, in order for the team to succeed, the players have to work to prepare on their own time. He said it’s time for them to realize that in order to be successful, the staff can’t treat them “like puppies”.“Everything is here,” Yelin said, “We have film, we have cameras, guys with equipment, so they can see what they’re doing. If you want to be good, go do what you have to do to be good.” Comments Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more